lundi 17 décembre 2007

L'art des datchas revit dans une étoffe brodée

© Family Brocard.
Usage of the image under authorization

I would like to thank all our visitors and especially our friends from Russia who took the time to read those news about the Brocard family and share their knowledge with us by mail. The blog will be closed for a period of time, but we will come back in the future. :-)

Cette dernière étoffes me permettra de fermer le rideau du Blog provisoirement, comme ce fut le cas également du blog "Sur les pas d'une collection".

J'admire comme sur cette photo ce travail de broderies sur coton. Les griffons, les coqs, les aigles symbolisés reprennent une parte du bestiaire russe. L'homme est également visible comme par une guirlande de femmes vêtues de masques et de curieuses plumes de chaque côtés du visage.

S'agissait-il d'une nappe, d'un napperon figurant un meuble ? A n'en pas douter, il rejoint à nouveau l'art populaire russe et celui des figures propres à l'artisanat des datchas. Cela ne reste qu'un morceau de coton mais avec lui revit une partie de l'ambiance et de ce style de vie à la fin du XIXe siècle.

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Un tablier en coton russe du 19e siècle flirte avec l'art

© Family Brocard.
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L'art populaire russe est sans limite. Ces figures et broderies, figurent sur le bas d'un tablier en coton. J'imagine la femme qui devait porter une telle oeuvre lors de ses travaux ou de son service. Le carrosse est symbolisé, le cheval suggéré. On pourrait y voir une création gauloise sur une monnaie d'un autre temps. Le mouvement pourrait préfigurer un bestiaire à la Matisse. L'oeuvre date probablement du XIXe siècle. Elle est juste disposée dans la partie la plus fragile du vêtement, qui devait s'accrocher aux meubles lors des activités. Cela constitue une forme de raffinement dans la simplicité en lien avec le folklore des traditions russes. En un mot magnifique.

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Broderies florales russe complexes sur du coton éphémère

© Family Brocard.
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Du haut de ce morceau de tissu en coton se succèdent des vagues successives rouges de plus en plus rapprochées, pour offrir sur un pan entier un subtile travail floral de broderies. Les pigments sont complexes. Le rouge, l'orange, le bleu, le jaune alternent entre croisillons et figures géométriques. Cette réalisation des provinces russes date sans doute d'une période située entre la fin du XIXe siècle et les débuts de la guerre de 14.

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Un tissu en soie d'apparat brodé de fils d'argent

© Family Brocard.
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Sur cette étoffe en soie, se dessinent différents motifs brodés de fils d'or et d'argent. Dans la partie centrale, ce sont comme des petits cailloux juxtaposés habilement, donnant comme un effet de galuchat, un peu art déco.
Sur les deux côtés, des entrelacs floraux, de paillons et de guirlandes, impriment un mouvement plus classique.
Quel était l'usage de ce tissu d'apparat ? Ornait-il le "plastron" d'une homme ou d'une femme ? A quelles occasions était-il revêtu en Russie ? Le mystère reste. Les références documentaires manquent. A moins que vous ayez des idées ?

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samedi 15 décembre 2007

Vue du salon Brocard-Ferrand autour de 1880 à Moscou

© Family Brocard.
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Sur cette photo fort difficile à améliorer tant le temps a injurié les teintes et contrastes. cependant après quelques tentatives sous Photoshop, j'arrive à mieux aviver les détails et nuances.

Nous sommes dans le salon d'une propriété d'Eugénie Ferrand, née Brocard, probablement autour de 1880, à Moscou. C'est une vue intime, chaleureuse de la famille Brocard, grand parfumeur du XIXe siècle.

Sur la gauche, Henri Brocard, est debout devant trois petits tableaux et semble lire un papier. Il est le fondateur de la parfumerie éponyme, lancée en 1864 à Moscou. Sur la droite, debout près de la chemniée se trouve Georges Félix Ferrand, son beau-fils. La dame assise à ses côtés est sans doute l'épouse d'Auguste Ferrand, lui même assis à côté. Ils sont tous les deux assez jeunes.

La vieille dame assise au premier plan sur un fauteuil de style Louis XVI, a élevé tous les enfants Brocard. Il s'agit de tante Mina Koch, adoptée dans la famille après toutes ces années de service.

Tout à fait à gauche sur la photo, aux pieds de l'ange, se trouve une petite fille de 4 ou 5 ans. Elle devrait pouvoir aider à dater plus exactement cette vue. Il s'agit d'Henriette Ferrand, une de mes arrière-grand mères du côté de mon père. Sa maman, Eugénie Brocard l'enlace sur ses genoux.

Devant Henri Brocard, se trouve sans doute Charlotte Brocard, son épouse, née Raway, d'une famille Belge de Spa, dont la famille était directeur des pension-écoles pour les jeunes enfants fortunés des familles européennes.

On peut remarquer sur cette vue quelques tableaux de la collection Brocard, donnés par Henri à sa fille. Tous ou presque travaillent dans l'industrie des parfums à Moscou, dans l'usine familiale.

Intimist view of the red place in Moscow closed to 1890

© Family Brocard.
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Another picture of the "place rouge" in Moscow closed to 1890. The black or blue balloon can help to define the period. Probably it was a special day at this time. Or a special birthday or another celebration... It will need more investigations.

By the way, I really like the spirit of the old Russia which is perceptible on this place. The clothes of the people. The face of the old man at the first plan, the violonist... The women probably singing the old song evoked by the musicians.

This place is still today very large with an impressive perspective, but through this picture, we have a closed view, as being in a small community or village in the center of Moscow, at this time.

Art Nouveau design and extravagant Russian invitation

This nice paper can be an invitation at the beginning of the century, in 1902, or the memory of an event concerning this wife and men ? Unfortunately I am not able to read it. In any case, the design is incredible with all those magnificent form of the "art nouveau" period.

The quality of the paper is also perfect which is great for such a souvenir of this time, after the revolution.
Somewhere, this is fantastic to imagine the common trend of the "art nouveau" style in whole Europe including Russia with some extravagances given by the tradition and the culture there.

We can observe there a real complexity of flowers, mix of colors, creativity in the way to present two old photographies.
The tree or something which is resembling, seems connected to a dream like a vivid vegetable.

If you are able to give us more information about, especially our Russian readers, do not hesitate. ;-)

samedi 8 décembre 2007

Antiquities market on the Red Place in Moscow about 1880

© Family Brocard.
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Henry Brocard, great collector at this time, before 1900, was searching on the Russian market antiquities. It was a great period for that. The young aristocrats were inheriting their parents a lot of old objects coming from centuries of collecting. But as the time was difficult and not so stable, some of them were deciding to sell those marvelous testimonies of the past.

Henry, using a part of his fortune generated by the perfume industry, was buying in the whole perimeter of the Russia Empire, some traders helping him to identify what was interesting.

He was also walking on the market in the "red place" in Moscow. This nice picture probably about 1880, is emphasing the ambiance there and the opportunity to collect exiting objects from the Russian tradition or famous old painters. One legend in the family is stressing that Henry found a painting of Dürer in this market. I am dreaming about such a discovery like this...

dimanche 2 décembre 2007

Creativity in art deco period in Russia

© Family Brocard.
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Well this is a long day. And I have not been updating the blog for a long time. So I am seizing the opportunity to share more news during this week-end.

This interesting post about a Russian art deco design can have some interest, representing again the old symbols of the Russian Empire with a very inventive approach.

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Old russian lace with the heraldic symbols of the Tzar

© Family Brocard.
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Can you recognize the two eagles from the Tzar and the heraldic symbols with the crows, realized on this lace from the old time ? It was used in an Orthodoxe church in Russia, around the furnace bridge.

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Complex horses embroideries from Russian Empire time

© Family Brocard.
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This is a nice embroiderie symbolizing two horses on a pillow. The work is very fine and coming also from the Russian period before the revolution. I am interested to know if this kind of design is related to a specific region in Russia.

The realization of this embroiderie on cotton can be from the late XVIIIe century to the XIXe or earlier, but I have no enough documentation to check it.

Ferrand & Brocard appartement souvenirs in Moscow

Different fragments of a nice decoration from an appartement in Moscow before the Russian Revolution. A discovery evocated in the blog "Sur les pas d'une collection".

Brocard perfume advertizing : end of the XIXe century

© Family Brocard.
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A nice large advertizing (A4 format) from the Brocard perfume industry, with nice vivid colors even if this one is old, about the end XIXe century.
I am not able to understand the meaning of the text. We can be surprised to see the young men on the right drinking something on a poster related to the perfume.

As it is probably not vodka, the meaning is somewhere else. Probably in n old story in the Russian folklore...

Perfume Muguet Merveille from Brocard

I was really impressed by some discoveries of Dmitri in Moscow about the Brocard's souvenirs.
This nice bottle of the perfume "Muguet Merveille" is keeping more than 100 years after the stample with a great "art nouveau" design.

I saw the formula of this perfume, years ago. I will try to find it in order to share what is no more accessible in this empty bottle and emphazise what was the fragrance at this time.

Thanks a lot to Flacon007 for this picture and the nice posts on his blog.

Brocard perfume advertizing : clean teeth XIXe

A nice adversitizing from the Brocard perfume industry. A special paste to clean the teeth probably with bicarbonate. I like the reference to the Africa and the elephant.

Couvre-chef pour l'épouse lors des mariages à Nijni Novgorod, XVIIIe century

© Family Brocard.
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It was a magnificent hat, for a woman in Russia closed to the region of Nijni Novgorod. A mix of a complex design in gold and silver. We can perceived on it the image of the symbolized eagles. This object was collected before 1900 in the country.

The date of it seems to be closed to the end of the XVIIIe century.

We can imagine it was coming from the Brocard collection which is now partially in the Tretiakov gallery in Moscow.


© Family Brocard.
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samedi 1 décembre 2007

Brocard advertizing : full color for perfume

© Family Brocard.
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I was discovering this nice printed version of an advertizing from the XIXe century. A nice souvenir of this old time in Russia.
Brocard was really recognized as also a great innovator with his wife Charlotte for marketing & creativity.